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Best Vegetables for Winter Gardening

January 2nd, 2014 Gardening

There are many types of indoor growing ecosystems to choose from, and each is suited to a different lineup of plants. Shallow window trellises, for instance, are best suited for hanging plants or those with vines, while deeper table pots are better for vegetables that require more significant rooting systems, like radishes and carrots.The best indoor vegetable varieties for winter include beans, carrots (fingerling), red peppers, radishes and tomatoes.

Tomatoes, carrots and radishes
According to Reader's Digest, the best indoor tomato varieties are Red Grape, Sun Gold and Sweet Olive, which each have a maturation period of approximately two months. Carrots and radishes need deeper pots for proper growth, and often produce roots within 25 days of seeding. Round carrots are among the best for indoor pot growing, taking up less vertical depth. Radishes need a container at least 12 inches wide and should be placed in a window that gets plenty of sun. However, be sure to move them out of the sun if it gets too warm in their spot. This could cause them to dry up and die before you can harvest them.

Beans
Dwarf French beans can be sown from late winter onwards and grow well indoors, according to the source. Taller beans can also be grown on indoor trellises near windows. For best results, soon after your plants have grown to about six inches tall, attach them to a stake or give them access to something they can latch on to. While beans will quickly grow beyond their capacity for weight, and will require added structural support, they are also among the fastest-growing indoor plants, according to the Virginia Cooperative Extension.

Peppers and green onions
Just because it's cold outside doesn't mean you can't enjoy peppers inside your home. Care2 explains that so long as you have a warm environment and a sunny spot in your window, you can grow various types of peppers indoors. Cherry and banana peppers are great options, but they need space to grow so you'll need a larger container to house them. Another choice is green onion. These vegetables are easy to grow indoors, as all you need is a jar of water to place the bulbs in to grow. If you want to prolong their life, you can plant the bulbs in soil and water them.

Grafting vs. seeding
Become acquainted with each plant and how it interacts with your particular lifestyle. If you're looking to grow vegetables from the seed, you can choose from a huge variety of appropriate plants, but if you hope to graft a new plant from an existing one, there are other methods to consider. Plant grafting is easy for tomatoes, which may release new roots from healthy limbs that have been removed. But for other plants, you may choose instead to use a commercial root cloning solution, which can allow you to keep parts of a living plant even after it has already flowered.